Handling Secrets in Asp.Net (.Net Core) Web Application

In this Sample, we will see how we will handle the secrets in .Net Core web Application using Azure Key Vault.Installing the below NuGet Package DescriptionAs more and more applications moving into the cloud, the more and more securities that need to be handled carefully. Normall

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/*!
 * jQuery Validation Plugin v1.17.0
 *
 * https://jqueryvalidation.org/
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2017 Jörn Zaefferer
 * Released under the MIT license
 */
(function( factory ) {
	if ( typeof define === "function" && define.amd ) {
		define( ["jquery"], factory );
	} else if (typeof module === "object" && module.exports) {
		module.exports = factory( require( "jquery" ) );
	} else {
		factory( jQuery );
	}
}(function( $ ) {

$.extend( $.fn, {

	// https://jqueryvalidation.org/validate/
	validate: function( options ) {

		// If nothing is selected, return nothing; can't chain anyway
		if ( !this.length ) {
			if ( options && options.debug && window.console ) {
				console.warn( "Nothing selected, can't validate, returning nothing." );
			}
			return;
		}

		// Check if a validator for this form was already created
		var validator = $.data( this[ 0 ], "validator" );
		if ( validator ) {
			return validator;
		}

		// Add novalidate tag if HTML5.
		this.attr( "novalidate", "novalidate" );

		validator = new $.validator( options, this[ 0 ] );
		$.data( this[ 0 ], "validator", validator );

		if ( validator.settings.onsubmit ) {

			this.on( "click.validate", ":submit", function( event ) {

				// Track the used submit button to properly handle scripted
				// submits later.
				validator.submitButton = event.currentTarget;

				// Allow suppressing validation by adding a cancel class to the submit button
				if ( $( this ).hasClass( "cancel" ) ) {
					validator.cancelSubmit = true;
				}

				// Allow suppressing validation by adding the html5 formnovalidate attribute to the submit button
				if ( $( this ).attr( "formnovalidate" ) !== undefined ) {
					validator.cancelSubmit = true;
				}
			} );

			// Validate the form on submit
			this.on( "submit.validate", function( event ) {
				if ( validator.settings.debug ) {

					// Prevent form submit to be able to see console output
					event.preventDefault();
				}
				function handle() {
					var hidden, result;

					// Insert a hidden input as a replacement for the missing submit button
					// The hidden input is inserted in two cases:
					//   - A user defined a `submitHandler`
					//   - There was a pending request due to `remote` method and `stopRequest()`
					//     was called to submit the form in case it's valid
					if ( validator.submitButton && ( validator.settings.submitHandler || validator.formSubmitted ) ) {
						hidden = $( "<input type='hidden'/>" )
							.attr( "name", validator.submitButton.name )
							.val( $( validator.submitButton ).val() )
							.appendTo( validator.currentForm );
					}

					if ( validator.settings.submitHandler ) {
						result = validator.settings.submitHandler.call( validator, validator.currentForm, event );
						if ( hidden ) {

							// And clean up afterwards; thanks to no-block-scope, hidden can be referenced
							hidden.remove();
						}
						if ( result !== undefined ) {
							return result;
						}
						return false;
					}
					return true;
				}

				// Prevent submit for invalid forms or custom submit handlers
				if ( validator.cancelSubmit ) {
					validator.cancelSubmit = false;
					return handle();
				}
				if ( validator.form() ) {
					if ( validator.pendingRequest ) {
						validator.formSubmitted = true;
						return false;
					}
					return handle();
				} else {
					validator.focusInvalid();
					return false;
				}
			} );
		}

		return validator;
	},

	// https://jqueryvalidation.org/valid/
	valid: function() {
		var valid, validator, errorList;

		if ( $( this[ 0 ] ).is( "form" ) ) {
			valid = this.validate().form();
		} else {
			errorList = [];
			valid = true;
			validator = $( this[ 0 ].form ).validate();
			this.each( function() {
				valid = validator.element( this ) && valid;
				if ( !valid ) {
					errorList = errorList.concat( validator.errorList );
				}
			} );
			validator.errorList = errorList;
		}
		return valid;
	},

	// https://jqueryvalidation.org/rules/
	rules: function( command, argument ) {
		var element = this[ 0 ],
			settings, staticRules, existingRules, data, param, filtered;

		// If nothing is selected, return empty object; can't chain anyway
		if ( element == null ) {
			return;
		}

		if ( !element.form && element.hasAttribute( "contenteditable" ) ) {
			element.form = this.closest( "form" )[ 0 ];
			element.name = this.attr( "name" );
		}

		if ( element.form == null ) {
			return;
		}

		if ( command ) {
			settings = $.data( element.form, "validator" ).settings;
			staticRules = settings.rules;
			existingRules = $.validator.staticRules( element );
			switch ( command ) {
			case "add":
				$.extend( existingRules, $.validator.normalizeRule( argument ) );

				// Remove messages from rules, but allow them to be set separately
				delete existingRules.messages;
				staticRules[ element.name ] = existingRules;
				if ( argument.messages ) {
					settings.messages[ element.name ] = $.extend( settings.messages[ element.name ], argument.messages );
				}
				break;
			case "remove":
				if ( !argument ) {
					delete staticRules[ element.name ];
					return existingRules;
				}
				filtered = {};
				$.each( argument.split( /\s/ ), function( index, method ) {
					filtered[ method ] = existingRules[ method ];
					delete existingRules[ method ];
				} );
				return filtered;
			}
		}

		data = $.validator.normalizeRules(
		$.extend(
			{},
			$.validator.classRules( element ),
			$.validator.attributeRules( element ),
			$.validator.dataRules( element ),
			$.validator.staticRules( element )
		), element );

		// Make sure required is at front
		if ( data.required ) {
			param = data.required;
			delete data.required;
			data = $.extend( { required: param }, data );
		}

		// Make sure remote is at back
		if ( data.remote ) {
			param = data.remote;
			delete data.remote;
			data = $.extend( data, { remote: param } );
		}

		return data;
	}
} );

// Custom selectors
$.extend( $.expr.pseudos || $.expr[ ":" ], {		// '|| $.expr[ ":" ]' here enables backwards compatibility to jQuery 1.7. Can be removed when dropping jQ 1.7.x support

	// https://jqueryvalidation.org/blank-selector/
	blank: function( a ) {
		return !$.trim( "" + $( a ).val() );
	},

	// https://jqueryvalidation.org/filled-selector/
	filled: function( a ) {
		var val = $( a ).val();
		return val !== null && !!$.trim( "" + val );
	},

	// https://jqueryvalidation.org/unchecked-selector/
	unchecked: function( a ) {
		return !$( a ).prop( "checked" );
	}
} );

// Constructor for validator
$.validator = function( options, form ) {
	this.settings = $.extend( true, {}, $.validator.defaults, options );
	this.currentForm = form;
	this.init();
};

// https://jqueryvalidation.org/jQuery.validator.format/
$.validator.format = function( source, params ) {
	if ( arguments.length === 1 ) {
		return function() {
			var args = $.makeArray( arguments );
			args.unshift( source );
			return $.validator.format.apply( this, args );
		};
	}
	if ( params === undefined ) {
		return source;
	}
	if ( arguments.length > 2 && params.constructor !== Array  ) {
		params = $.makeArray( arguments ).slice( 1 );
	}
	if ( params.constructor !== Array ) {
		params = [ params ];
	}
	$.each( params, function( i, n ) {
		source = source.replace( new RegExp( "\\{" + i + "\\}", "g" ), function() {
			return n;
		} );
	} );
	return source;
};

$.extend( $.validator, {

	defaults: {
		messages: {},
		groups: {},
		rules: {},
		errorClass: "error",
		pendingClass: "pending",
		validClass: "valid",
		errorElement: "label",
		focusCleanup: false,
		focusInvalid: true,
		errorContainer: $( [] ),
		errorLabelContainer: $( [] ),
		onsubmit: true,
		ignore: ":hidden",
		ignoreTitle: false,
		onfocusin: function( element ) {
			this.lastActive = element;

			// Hide error label and remove error class on focus if enabled
			if ( this.settings.focusCleanup ) {
				if ( this.settings.unhighlight ) {
					this.settings.unhighlight.call( this, element, this.settings.errorClass, this.settings.validClass );
				}
				this.hideThese( this.errorsFor( element ) );
			}
		},
		onfocusout: function( element ) {
			if ( !this.checkable( element ) && ( element.name in this.submitted || !this.optional( element ) ) ) {
				this.element( element );
			}
		},
		onkeyup: function( element, event ) {

			// Avoid revalidate the field when pressing one of the following keys
			// Shift       => 16
			// Ctrl        => 17
			// Alt         => 18
			// Caps lock   => 20
			// End         => 35
			// Home        => 36
			// Left arrow  => 37
			// Up arrow    => 38
			// Right arrow => 39
			// Down arrow  => 40
			// Insert      => 45
			// Num lock    => 144
			// AltGr key   => 225
			var excludedKeys = [
				16, 17, 18, 20, 35, 36, 37,
				38, 39, 40, 45, 144, 225
			];

			if ( event.which === 9 && this.elementValue( element ) === "" || $.inArray( event.keyCode, excludedKeys ) !== -1 ) {
				return;
			} else if ( element.name in this.submitted || element.name in this.invalid ) {
				this.element( element );
			}
		},
		onclick: function( element ) {

			// Click on selects, radiobuttons and checkboxes
			if ( element.name in this.submitted ) {
				this.element( element );

			// Or option elements, check parent select in that case
			} else if ( element.parentNode.name in this.submitted ) {
				this.element( element.parentNode );
			}
		},
		highlight: function( element, errorClass, validClass ) {
			if ( element.type === "radio" ) {
				this.findByName( element.name ).addClass( errorClass ).removeClass( validClass );
			} else {
				$( element ).addClass( errorClass ).removeClass( validClass );
			}
		},
		unhighlight: function( element, errorClass, validClass ) {
			if ( element.type === "radio" ) {
				this.findByName( element.name ).removeClass( errorClass ).addClass( validClass );
			} else {
				$( element ).removeClass( errorClass ).addClass( validClass );
			}
		}
	},

	// https://jqueryvalidation.org/jQuery.validator.setDefaults/
	setDefaults: function( settings ) {
		$.extend( $.validator.defaults, settings );
	},

	messages: {
		required: "This field is required.",
		remote: "Please fix this field.",
		email: "Please enter a valid email address.",
		url: "Please enter a valid URL.",
		date: "Please enter a valid date.",
		dateISO: "Please enter a valid date (ISO).",
		number: "Please enter a valid number.",
		digits: "Please enter only digits.",
		equalTo: "Please enter the same value again.",
		maxlength: $.validator.format( "Please enter no more than {0} characters." ),
		minlength: $.validator.format( "Please enter at least {0} characters." ),
		rangelength: $.validator.format( "Please enter a value between {0} and {1} characters long." ),
		range: $.validator.format( "Please enter a value between {0} and {1}." ),
		max: $.validator.format( "Please enter a value less than or equal to {0}." ),
		min: $.validator.format( "Please enter a value greater than or equal to {0}." ),
		step: $.validator.format( "Please enter a multiple of {0}." )
	},

	autoCreateRanges: false,

	prototype: {

		init: function() {
			this.labelContainer = $( this.settings.errorLabelContainer );
			this.errorContext = this.labelContainer.length && this.labelContainer || $( this.currentForm );
			this.containers = $( this.settings.errorContainer ).add( this.settings.errorLabelContainer );
			this.submitted = {};
			this.valueCache = {};
			this.pendingRequest = 0;
			this.pending = {};
			this.invalid = {};
			this.reset();

			var groups = ( this.groups = {} ),
				rules;
			$.each( this.settings.groups, function( key, value ) {
				if ( typeof value === "string" ) {
					value = value.split( /\s/ );
				}
				$.each( value, function( index, name ) {
					groups[ name ] = key;
				} );
			} );
			rules = this.settings.rules;
			$.each( rules, function( key, value ) {
				rules[ key ] = $.validator.normalizeRule( value );
			} );

			function delegate( event ) {

				// Set form expando on contenteditable
				if ( !this.form && this.hasAttribute( "contenteditable" ) ) {
					this.form = $( this ).closest( "form" )[ 0 ];
					this.name = $( this ).attr( "name" );
				}

				var validator = $.data( this.form, "validator" ),
					eventType = "on" + event.type.replace( /^validate/, "" ),
					settings = validator.settings;
				if ( settings[ eventType ] && !$( this ).is( settings.ignore ) ) {
					settings[ eventType ].call( validator, this, event );
				}
			}

			$( this.currentForm )
				.on( "focusin.validate focusout.validate keyup.validate",
					":text, [type='password'], [type='file'], select, textarea, [type='number'], [type='search'], " +
					"[type='tel'], [type='url'], [type='email'], [type='datetime'], [type='date'], [type='month'], " +
					"[type='week'], [type='time'], [type='datetime-local'], [type='range'], [type='color'], " +
					"[type='radio'], [type='checkbox'], [contenteditable], [type='button']", delegate )

				// Support: Chrome, oldIE
				// "select" is provided as event.target when clicking a option
				.on( "click.validate", "select, option, [type='radio'], [type='checkbox']", delegate );

			if ( this.settings.invalidHandler ) {
				$( this.currentForm ).on( "invalid-form.validate", this.settings.invalidHandler );
			}
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/Validator.form/
		form: function() {
			this.checkForm();
			$.extend( this.submitted, this.errorMap );
			this.invalid = $.extend( {}, this.errorMap );
			if ( !this.valid() ) {
				$( this.currentForm ).triggerHandler( "invalid-form", [ this ] );
			}
			this.showErrors();
			return this.valid();
		},

		checkForm: function() {
			this.prepareForm();
			for ( var i = 0, elements = ( this.currentElements = this.elements() ); elements[ i ]; i++ ) {
				this.check( elements[ i ] );
			}
			return this.valid();
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/Validator.element/
		element: function( element ) {
			var cleanElement = this.clean( element ),
				checkElement = this.validationTargetFor( cleanElement ),
				v = this,
				result = true,
				rs, group;

			if ( checkElement === undefined ) {
				delete this.invalid[ cleanElement.name ];
			} else {
				this.prepareElement( checkElement );
				this.currentElements = $( checkElement );

				// If this element is grouped, then validate all group elements already
				// containing a value
				group = this.groups[ checkElement.name ];
				if ( group ) {
					$.each( this.groups, function( name, testgroup ) {
						if ( testgroup === group && name !== checkElement.name ) {
							cleanElement = v.validationTargetFor( v.clean( v.findByName( name ) ) );
							if ( cleanElement && cleanElement.name in v.invalid ) {
								v.currentElements.push( cleanElement );
								result = v.check( cleanElement ) && result;
							}
						}
					} );
				}

				rs = this.check( checkElement ) !== false;
				result = result && rs;
				if ( rs ) {
					this.invalid[ checkElement.name ] = false;
				} else {
					this.invalid[ checkElement.name ] = true;
				}

				if ( !this.numberOfInvalids() ) {

					// Hide error containers on last error
					this.toHide = this.toHide.add( this.containers );
				}
				this.showErrors();

				// Add aria-invalid status for screen readers
				$( element ).attr( "aria-invalid", !rs );
			}

			return result;
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/Validator.showErrors/
		showErrors: function( errors ) {
			if ( errors ) {
				var validator = this;

				// Add items to error list and map
				$.extend( this.errorMap, errors );
				this.errorList = $.map( this.errorMap, function( message, name ) {
					return {
						message: message,
						element: validator.findByName( name )[ 0 ]
					};
				} );

				// Remove items from success list
				this.successList = $.grep( this.successList, function( element ) {
					return !( element.name in errors );
				} );
			}
			if ( this.settings.showErrors ) {
				this.settings.showErrors.call( this, this.errorMap, this.errorList );
			} else {
				this.defaultShowErrors();
			}
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/Validator.resetForm/
		resetForm: function() {
			if ( $.fn.resetForm ) {
				$( this.currentForm ).resetForm();
			}
			this.invalid = {};
			this.submitted = {};
			this.prepareForm();
			this.hideErrors();
			var elements = this.elements()
				.removeData( "previousValue" )
				.removeAttr( "aria-invalid" );

			this.resetElements( elements );
		},

		resetElements: function( elements ) {
			var i;

			if ( this.settings.unhighlight ) {
				for ( i = 0; elements[ i ]; i++ ) {
					this.settings.unhighlight.call( this, elements[ i ],
						this.settings.errorClass, "" );
					this.findByName( elements[ i ].name ).removeClass( this.settings.validClass );
				}
			} else {
				elements
					.removeClass( this.settings.errorClass )
					.removeClass( this.settings.validClass );
			}
		},

		numberOfInvalids: function() {
			return this.objectLength( this.invalid );
		},

		objectLength: function( obj ) {
			/* jshint unused: false */
			var count = 0,
				i;
			for ( i in obj ) {

				// This check allows counting elements with empty error
				// message as invalid elements
				if ( obj[ i ] !== undefined && obj[ i ] !== null && obj[ i ] !== false ) {
					count++;
				}
			}
			return count;
		},

		hideErrors: function() {
			this.hideThese( this.toHide );
		},

		hideThese: function( errors ) {
			errors.not( this.containers ).text( "" );
			this.addWrapper( errors ).hide();
		},

		valid: function() {
			return this.size() === 0;
		},

		size: function() {
			return this.errorList.length;
		},

		focusInvalid: function() {
			if ( this.settings.focusInvalid ) {
				try {
					$( this.findLastActive() || this.errorList.length && this.errorList[ 0 ].element || [] )
					.filter( ":visible" )
					.focus()

					// Manually trigger focusin event; without it, focusin handler isn't called, findLastActive won't have anything to find
					.trigger( "focusin" );
				} catch ( e ) {

					// Ignore IE throwing errors when focusing hidden elements
				}
			}
		},

		findLastActive: function() {
			var lastActive = this.lastActive;
			return lastActive && $.grep( this.errorList, function( n ) {
				return n.element.name === lastActive.name;
			} ).length === 1 && lastActive;
		},

		elements: function() {
			var validator = this,
				rulesCache = {};

			// Select all valid inputs inside the form (no submit or reset buttons)
			return $( this.currentForm )
			.find( "input, select, textarea, [contenteditable]" )
			.not( ":submit, :reset, :image, :disabled" )
			.not( this.settings.ignore )
			.filter( function() {
				var name = this.name || $( this ).attr( "name" ); // For contenteditable
				if ( !name && validator.settings.debug && window.console ) {
					console.error( "%o has no name assigned", this );
				}

				// Set form expando on contenteditable
				if ( this.hasAttribute( "contenteditable" ) ) {
					this.form = $( this ).closest( "form" )[ 0 ];
					this.name = name;
				}

				// Select only the first element for each name, and only those with rules specified
				if ( name in rulesCache || !validator.objectLength( $( this ).rules() ) ) {
					return false;
				}

				rulesCache[ name ] = true;
				return true;
			} );
		},

		clean: function( selector ) {
			return $( selector )[ 0 ];
		},

		errors: function() {
			var errorClass = this.settings.errorClass.split( " " ).join( "." );
			return $( this.settings.errorElement + "." + errorClass, this.errorContext );
		},

		resetInternals: function() {
			this.successList = [];
			this.errorList = [];
			this.errorMap = {};
			this.toShow = $( [] );
			this.toHide = $( [] );
		},

		reset: function() {
			this.resetInternals();
			this.currentElements = $( [] );
		},

		prepareForm: function() {
			this.reset();
			this.toHide = this.errors().add( this.containers );
		},

		prepareElement: function( element ) {
			this.reset();
			this.toHide = this.errorsFor( element );
		},

		elementValue: function( element ) {
			var $element = $( element ),
				type = element.type,
				val, idx;

			if ( type === "radio" || type === "checkbox" ) {
				return this.findByName( element.name ).filter( ":checked" ).val();
			} else if ( type === "number" && typeof element.validity !== "undefined" ) {
				return element.validity.badInput ? "NaN" : $element.val();
			}

			if ( element.hasAttribute( "contenteditable" ) ) {
				val = $element.text();
			} else {
				val = $element.val();
			}

			if ( type === "file" ) {

				// Modern browser (chrome & safari)
				if ( val.substr( 0, 12 ) === "C:\\fakepath\\" ) {
					return val.substr( 12 );
				}

				// Legacy browsers
				// Unix-based path
				idx = val.lastIndexOf( "/" );
				if ( idx >= 0 ) {
					return val.substr( idx + 1 );
				}

				// Windows-based path
				idx = val.lastIndexOf( "\\" );
				if ( idx >= 0 ) {
					return val.substr( idx + 1 );
				}

				// Just the file name
				return val;
			}

			if ( typeof val === "string" ) {
				return val.replace( /\r/g, "" );
			}
			return val;
		},

		check: function( element ) {
			element = this.validationTargetFor( this.clean( element ) );

			var rules = $( element ).rules(),
				rulesCount = $.map( rules, function( n, i ) {
					return i;
				} ).length,
				dependencyMismatch = false,
				val = this.elementValue( element ),
				result, method, rule, normalizer;

			// Prioritize the local normalizer defined for this element over the global one
			// if the former exists, otherwise user the global one in case it exists.
			if ( typeof rules.normalizer === "function" ) {
				normalizer = rules.normalizer;
			} else if (	typeof this.settings.normalizer === "function" ) {
				normalizer = this.settings.normalizer;
			}

			// If normalizer is defined, then call it to retreive the changed value instead
			// of using the real one.
			// Note that `this` in the normalizer is `element`.
			if ( normalizer ) {
				val = normalizer.call( element, val );

				if ( typeof val !== "string" ) {
					throw new TypeError( "The normalizer should return a string value." );
				}

				// Delete the normalizer from rules to avoid treating it as a pre-defined method.
				delete rules.normalizer;
			}

			for ( method in rules ) {
				rule = { method: method, parameters: rules[ method ] };
				try {
					result = $.validator.methods[ method ].call( this, val, element, rule.parameters );

					// If a method indicates that the field is optional and therefore valid,
					// don't mark it as valid when there are no other rules
					if ( result === "dependency-mismatch" && rulesCount === 1 ) {
						dependencyMismatch = true;
						continue;
					}
					dependencyMismatch = false;

					if ( result === "pending" ) {
						this.toHide = this.toHide.not( this.errorsFor( element ) );
						return;
					}

					if ( !result ) {
						this.formatAndAdd( element, rule );
						return false;
					}
				} catch ( e ) {
					if ( this.settings.debug && window.console ) {
						console.log( "Exception occurred when checking element " + element.id + ", check the '" + rule.method + "' method.", e );
					}
					if ( e instanceof TypeError ) {
						e.message += ".  Exception occurred when checking element " + element.id + ", check the '" + rule.method + "' method.";
					}

					throw e;
				}
			}
			if ( dependencyMismatch ) {
				return;
			}
			if ( this.objectLength( rules ) ) {
				this.successList.push( element );
			}
			return true;
		},

		// Return the custom message for the given element and validation method
		// specified in the element's HTML5 data attribute
		// return the generic message if present and no method specific message is present
		customDataMessage: function( element, method ) {
			return $( element ).data( "msg" + method.charAt( 0 ).toUpperCase() +
				method.substring( 1 ).toLowerCase() ) || $( element ).data( "msg" );
		},

		// Return the custom message for the given element name and validation method
		customMessage: function( name, method ) {
			var m = this.settings.messages[ name ];
			return m && ( m.constructor === String ? m : m[ method ] );
		},

		// Return the first defined argument, allowing empty strings
		findDefined: function() {
			for ( var i = 0; i < arguments.length; i++ ) {
				if ( arguments[ i ] !== undefined ) {
					return arguments[ i ];
				}
			}
			return undefined;
		},

		// The second parameter 'rule' used to be a string, and extended to an object literal
		// of the following form:
		// rule = {
		//     method: "method name",
		//     parameters: "the given method parameters"
		// }
		//
		// The old behavior still supported, kept to maintain backward compatibility with
		// old code, and will be removed in the next major release.
		defaultMessage: function( element, rule ) {
			if ( typeof rule === "string" ) {
				rule = { method: rule };
			}

			var message = this.findDefined(
					this.customMessage( element.name, rule.method ),
					this.customDataMessage( element, rule.method ),

					// 'title' is never undefined, so handle empty string as undefined
					!this.settings.ignoreTitle && element.title || undefined,
					$.validator.messages[ rule.method ],
					"<strong>Warning: No message defined for " + element.name + "</strong>"
				),
				theregex = /\$?\{(\d+)\}/g;
			if ( typeof message === "function" ) {
				message = message.call( this, rule.parameters, element );
			} else if ( theregex.test( message ) ) {
				message = $.validator.format( message.replace( theregex, "{$1}" ), rule.parameters );
			}

			return message;
		},

		formatAndAdd: function( element, rule ) {
			var message = this.defaultMessage( element, rule );

			this.errorList.push( {
				message: message,
				element: element,
				method: rule.method
			} );

			this.errorMap[ element.name ] = message;
			this.submitted[ element.name ] = message;
		},

		addWrapper: function( toToggle ) {
			if ( this.settings.wrapper ) {
				toToggle = toToggle.add( toToggle.parent( this.settings.wrapper ) );
			}
			return toToggle;
		},

		defaultShowErrors: function() {
			var i, elements, error;
			for ( i = 0; this.errorList[ i ]; i++ ) {
				error = this.errorList[ i ];
				if ( this.settings.highlight ) {
					this.settings.highlight.call( this, error.element, this.settings.errorClass, this.settings.validClass );
				}
				this.showLabel( error.element, error.message );
			}
			if ( this.errorList.length ) {
				this.toShow = this.toShow.add( this.containers );
			}
			if ( this.settings.success ) {
				for ( i = 0; this.successList[ i ]; i++ ) {
					this.showLabel( this.successList[ i ] );
				}
			}
			if ( this.settings.unhighlight ) {
				for ( i = 0, elements = this.validElements(); elements[ i ]; i++ ) {
					this.settings.unhighlight.call( this, elements[ i ], this.settings.errorClass, this.settings.validClass );
				}
			}
			this.toHide = this.toHide.not( this.toShow );
			this.hideErrors();
			this.addWrapper( this.toShow ).show();
		},

		validElements: function() {
			return this.currentElements.not( this.invalidElements() );
		},

		invalidElements: function() {
			return $( this.errorList ).map( function() {
				return this.element;
			} );
		},

		showLabel: function( element, message ) {
			var place, group, errorID, v,
				error = this.errorsFor( element ),
				elementID = this.idOrName( element ),
				describedBy = $( element ).attr( "aria-describedby" );

			if ( error.length ) {

				// Refresh error/success class
				error.removeClass( this.settings.validClass ).addClass( this.settings.errorClass );

				// Replace message on existing label
				error.html( message );
			} else {

				// Create error element
				error = $( "<" + this.settings.errorElement + ">" )
					.attr( "id", elementID + "-error" )
					.addClass( this.settings.errorClass )
					.html( message || "" );

				// Maintain reference to the element to be placed into the DOM
				place = error;
				if ( this.settings.wrapper ) {

					// Make sure the element is visible, even in IE
					// actually showing the wrapped element is handled elsewhere
					place = error.hide().show().wrap( "<" + this.settings.wrapper + "/>" ).parent();
				}
				if ( this.labelContainer.length ) {
					this.labelContainer.append( place );
				} else if ( this.settings.errorPlacement ) {
					this.settings.errorPlacement.call( this, place, $( element ) );
				} else {
					place.insertAfter( element );
				}

				// Link error back to the element
				if ( error.is( "label" ) ) {

					// If the error is a label, then associate using 'for'
					error.attr( "for", elementID );

					// If the element is not a child of an associated label, then it's necessary
					// to explicitly apply aria-describedby
				} else if ( error.parents( "label[for='" + this.escapeCssMeta( elementID ) + "']" ).length === 0 ) {
					errorID = error.attr( "id" );

					// Respect existing non-error aria-describedby
					if ( !describedBy ) {
						describedBy = errorID;
					} else if ( !describedBy.match( new RegExp( "\\b" + this.escapeCssMeta( errorID ) + "\\b" ) ) ) {

						// Add to end of list if not already present
						describedBy += " " + errorID;
					}
					$( element ).attr( "aria-describedby", describedBy );

					// If this element is grouped, then assign to all elements in the same group
					group = this.groups[ element.name ];
					if ( group ) {
						v = this;
						$.each( v.groups, function( name, testgroup ) {
							if ( testgroup === group ) {
								$( "[name='" + v.escapeCssMeta( name ) + "']", v.currentForm )
									.attr( "aria-describedby", error.attr( "id" ) );
							}
						} );
					}
				}
			}
			if ( !message && this.settings.success ) {
				error.text( "" );
				if ( typeof this.settings.success === "string" ) {
					error.addClass( this.settings.success );
				} else {
					this.settings.success( error, element );
				}
			}
			this.toShow = this.toShow.add( error );
		},

		errorsFor: function( element ) {
			var name = this.escapeCssMeta( this.idOrName( element ) ),
				describer = $( element ).attr( "aria-describedby" ),
				selector = "label[for='" + name + "'], label[for='" + name + "'] *";

			// 'aria-describedby' should directly reference the error element
			if ( describer ) {
				selector = selector + ", #" + this.escapeCssMeta( describer )
					.replace( /\s+/g, ", #" );
			}

			return this
				.errors()
				.filter( selector );
		},

		// See https://api.jquery.com/category/selectors/, for CSS
		// meta-characters that should be escaped in order to be used with JQuery
		// as a literal part of a name/id or any selector.
		escapeCssMeta: function( string ) {
			return string.replace( /([\\!"#$%&'()*+,./:;<=>?@\[\]^`{|}~])/g, "\\$1" );
		},

		idOrName: function( element ) {
			return this.groups[ element.name ] || ( this.checkable( element ) ? element.name : element.id || element.name );
		},

		validationTargetFor: function( element ) {

			// If radio/checkbox, validate first element in group instead
			if ( this.checkable( element ) ) {
				element = this.findByName( element.name );
			}

			// Always apply ignore filter
			return $( element ).not( this.settings.ignore )[ 0 ];
		},

		checkable: function( element ) {
			return ( /radio|checkbox/i ).test( element.type );
		},

		findByName: function( name ) {
			return $( this.currentForm ).find( "[name='" + this.escapeCssMeta( name ) + "']" );
		},

		getLength: function( value, element ) {
			switch ( element.nodeName.toLowerCase() ) {
			case "select":
				return $( "option:selected", element ).length;
			case "input":
				if ( this.checkable( element ) ) {
					return this.findByName( element.name ).filter( ":checked" ).length;
				}
			}
			return value.length;
		},

		depend: function( param, element ) {
			return this.dependTypes[ typeof param ] ? this.dependTypes[ typeof param ]( param, element ) : true;
		},

		dependTypes: {
			"boolean": function( param ) {
				return param;
			},
			"string": function( param, element ) {
				return !!$( param, element.form ).length;
			},
			"function": function( param, element ) {
				return param( element );
			}
		},

		optional: function( element ) {
			var val = this.elementValue( element );
			return !$.validator.methods.required.call( this, val, element ) && "dependency-mismatch";
		},

		startRequest: function( element ) {
			if ( !this.pending[ element.name ] ) {
				this.pendingRequest++;
				$( element ).addClass( this.settings.pendingClass );
				this.pending[ element.name ] = true;
			}
		},

		stopRequest: function( element, valid ) {
			this.pendingRequest--;

			// Sometimes synchronization fails, make sure pendingRequest is never < 0
			if ( this.pendingRequest < 0 ) {
				this.pendingRequest = 0;
			}
			delete this.pending[ element.name ];
			$( element ).removeClass( this.settings.pendingClass );
			if ( valid && this.pendingRequest === 0 && this.formSubmitted && this.form() ) {
				$( this.currentForm ).submit();

				// Remove the hidden input that was used as a replacement for the
				// missing submit button. The hidden input is added by `handle()`
				// to ensure that the value of the used submit button is passed on
				// for scripted submits triggered by this method
				if ( this.submitButton ) {
					$( "input:hidden[name='" + this.submitButton.name + "']", this.currentForm ).remove();
				}

				this.formSubmitted = false;
			} else if ( !valid && this.pendingRequest === 0 && this.formSubmitted ) {
				$( this.currentForm ).triggerHandler( "invalid-form", [ this ] );
				this.formSubmitted = false;
			}
		},

		previousValue: function( element, method ) {
			method = typeof method === "string" && method || "remote";

			return $.data( element, "previousValue" ) || $.data( element, "previousValue", {
				old: null,
				valid: true,
				message: this.defaultMessage( element, { method: method } )
			} );
		},

		// Cleans up all forms and elements, removes validator-specific events
		destroy: function() {
			this.resetForm();

			$( this.currentForm )
				.off( ".validate" )
				.removeData( "validator" )
				.find( ".validate-equalTo-blur" )
					.off( ".validate-equalTo" )
					.removeClass( "validate-equalTo-blur" );
		}

	},

	classRuleSettings: {
		required: { required: true },
		email: { email: true },
		url: { url: true },
		date: { date: true },
		dateISO: { dateISO: true },
		number: { number: true },
		digits: { digits: true },
		creditcard: { creditcard: true }
	},

	addClassRules: function( className, rules ) {
		if ( className.constructor === String ) {
			this.classRuleSettings[ className ] = rules;
		} else {
			$.extend( this.classRuleSettings, className );
		}
	},

	classRules: function( element ) {
		var rules = {},
			classes = $( element ).attr( "class" );

		if ( classes ) {
			$.each( classes.split( " " ), function() {
				if ( this in $.validator.classRuleSettings ) {
					$.extend( rules, $.validator.classRuleSettings[ this ] );
				}
			} );
		}
		return rules;
	},

	normalizeAttributeRule: function( rules, type, method, value ) {

		// Convert the value to a number for number inputs, and for text for backwards compability
		// allows type="date" and others to be compared as strings
		if ( /min|max|step/.test( method ) && ( type === null || /number|range|text/.test( type ) ) ) {
			value = Number( value );

			// Support Opera Mini, which returns NaN for undefined minlength
			if ( isNaN( value ) ) {
				value = undefined;
			}
		}

		if ( value || value === 0 ) {
			rules[ method ] = value;
		} else if ( type === method && type !== "range" ) {

			// Exception: the jquery validate 'range' method
			// does not test for the html5 'range' type
			rules[ method ] = true;
		}
	},

	attributeRules: function( element ) {
		var rules = {},
			$element = $( element ),
			type = element.getAttribute( "type" ),
			method, value;

		for ( method in $.validator.methods ) {

			// Support for <input required> in both html5 and older browsers
			if ( method === "required" ) {
				value = element.getAttribute( method );

				// Some browsers return an empty string for the required attribute
				// and non-HTML5 browsers might have required="" markup
				if ( value === "" ) {
					value = true;
				}

				// Force non-HTML5 browsers to return bool
				value = !!value;
			} else {
				value = $element.attr( method );
			}

			this.normalizeAttributeRule( rules, type, method, value );
		}

		// 'maxlength' may be returned as -1, 2147483647 ( IE ) and 524288 ( safari ) for text inputs
		if ( rules.maxlength && /-1|2147483647|524288/.test( rules.maxlength ) ) {
			delete rules.maxlength;
		}

		return rules;
	},

	dataRules: function( element ) {
		var rules = {},
			$element = $( element ),
			type = element.getAttribute( "type" ),
			method, value;

		for ( method in $.validator.methods ) {
			value = $element.data( "rule" + method.charAt( 0 ).toUpperCase() + method.substring( 1 ).toLowerCase() );
			this.normalizeAttributeRule( rules, type, method, value );
		}
		return rules;
	},

	staticRules: function( element ) {
		var rules = {},
			validator = $.data( element.form, "validator" );

		if ( validator.settings.rules ) {
			rules = $.validator.normalizeRule( validator.settings.rules[ element.name ] ) || {};
		}
		return rules;
	},

	normalizeRules: function( rules, element ) {

		// Handle dependency check
		$.each( rules, function( prop, val ) {

			// Ignore rule when param is explicitly false, eg. required:false
			if ( val === false ) {
				delete rules[ prop ];
				return;
			}
			if ( val.param || val.depends ) {
				var keepRule = true;
				switch ( typeof val.depends ) {
				case "string":
					keepRule = !!$( val.depends, element.form ).length;
					break;
				case "function":
					keepRule = val.depends.call( element, element );
					break;
				}
				if ( keepRule ) {
					rules[ prop ] = val.param !== undefined ? val.param : true;
				} else {
					$.data( element.form, "validator" ).resetElements( $( element ) );
					delete rules[ prop ];
				}
			}
		} );

		// Evaluate parameters
		$.each( rules, function( rule, parameter ) {
			rules[ rule ] = $.isFunction( parameter ) && rule !== "normalizer" ? parameter( element ) : parameter;
		} );

		// Clean number parameters
		$.each( [ "minlength", "maxlength" ], function() {
			if ( rules[ this ] ) {
				rules[ this ] = Number( rules[ this ] );
			}
		} );
		$.each( [ "rangelength", "range" ], function() {
			var parts;
			if ( rules[ this ] ) {
				if ( $.isArray( rules[ this ] ) ) {
					rules[ this ] = [ Number( rules[ this ][ 0 ] ), Number( rules[ this ][ 1 ] ) ];
				} else if ( typeof rules[ this ] === "string" ) {
					parts = rules[ this ].replace( /[\[\]]/g, "" ).split( /[\s,]+/ );
					rules[ this ] = [ Number( parts[ 0 ] ), Number( parts[ 1 ] ) ];
				}
			}
		} );

		if ( $.validator.autoCreateRanges ) {

			// Auto-create ranges
			if ( rules.min != null && rules.max != null ) {
				rules.range = [ rules.min, rules.max ];
				delete rules.min;
				delete rules.max;
			}
			if ( rules.minlength != null && rules.maxlength != null ) {
				rules.rangelength = [ rules.minlength, rules.maxlength ];
				delete rules.minlength;
				delete rules.maxlength;
			}
		}

		return rules;
	},

	// Converts a simple string to a {string: true} rule, e.g., "required" to {required:true}
	normalizeRule: function( data ) {
		if ( typeof data === "string" ) {
			var transformed = {};
			$.each( data.split( /\s/ ), function() {
				transformed[ this ] = true;
			} );
			data = transformed;
		}
		return data;
	},

	// https://jqueryvalidation.org/jQuery.validator.addMethod/
	addMethod: function( name, method, message ) {
		$.validator.methods[ name ] = method;
		$.validator.messages[ name ] = message !== undefined ? message : $.validator.messages[ name ];
		if ( method.length < 3 ) {
			$.validator.addClassRules( name, $.validator.normalizeRule( name ) );
		}
	},

	// https://jqueryvalidation.org/jQuery.validator.methods/
	methods: {

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/required-method/
		required: function( value, element, param ) {

			// Check if dependency is met
			if ( !this.depend( param, element ) ) {
				return "dependency-mismatch";
			}
			if ( element.nodeName.toLowerCase() === "select" ) {

				// Could be an array for select-multiple or a string, both are fine this way
				var val = $( element ).val();
				return val && val.length > 0;
			}
			if ( this.checkable( element ) ) {
				return this.getLength( value, element ) > 0;
			}
			return value.length > 0;
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/email-method/
		email: function( value, element ) {

			// From https://html.spec.whatwg.org/multipage/forms.html#valid-e-mail-address
			// Retrieved 2014-01-14
			// If you have a problem with this implementation, report a bug against the above spec
			// Or use custom methods to implement your own email validation
			return this.optional( element ) || /^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+\/=?^_`{|}~-]+@[a-zA-Z0-9](?:[a-zA-Z0-9-]{0,61}[a-zA-Z0-9])?(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9](?:[a-zA-Z0-9-]{0,61}[a-zA-Z0-9])?)*$/.test( value );
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/url-method/
		url: function( value, element ) {

			// Copyright (c) 2010-2013 Diego Perini, MIT licensed
			// https://gist.github.com/dperini/729294
			// see also https://mathiasbynens.be/demo/url-regex
			// modified to allow protocol-relative URLs
			return this.optional( element ) || /^(?:(?:(?:https?|ftp):)?\/\/)(?:\S+(?::\S*)?@)?(?:(?!(?:10|127)(?:\.\d{1,3}){3})(?!(?:169\.254|192\.168)(?:\.\d{1,3}){2})(?!172\.(?:1[6-9]|2\d|3[0-1])(?:\.\d{1,3}){2})(?:[1-9]\d?|1\d\d|2[01]\d|22[0-3])(?:\.(?:1?\d{1,2}|2[0-4]\d|25[0-5])){2}(?:\.(?:[1-9]\d?|1\d\d|2[0-4]\d|25[0-4]))|(?:(?:[a-z\u00a1-\uffff0-9]-*)*[a-z\u00a1-\uffff0-9]+)(?:\.(?:[a-z\u00a1-\uffff0-9]-*)*[a-z\u00a1-\uffff0-9]+)*(?:\.(?:[a-z\u00a1-\uffff]{2,})).?)(?::\d{2,5})?(?:[/?#]\S*)?$/i.test( value );
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/date-method/
		date: function( value, element ) {
			return this.optional( element ) || !/Invalid|NaN/.test( new Date( value ).toString() );
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/dateISO-method/
		dateISO: function( value, element ) {
			return this.optional( element ) || /^\d{4}[\/\-](0?[1-9]|1[012])[\/\-](0?[1-9]|[12][0-9]|3[01])$/.test( value );
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/number-method/
		number: function( value, element ) {
			return this.optional( element ) || /^(?:-?\d+|-?\d{1,3}(?:,\d{3})+)?(?:\.\d+)?$/.test( value );
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/digits-method/
		digits: function( value, element ) {
			return this.optional( element ) || /^\d+$/.test( value );
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/minlength-method/
		minlength: function( value, element, param ) {
			var length = $.isArray( value ) ? value.length : this.getLength( value, element );
			return this.optional( element ) || length >= param;
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/maxlength-method/
		maxlength: function( value, element, param ) {
			var length = $.isArray( value ) ? value.length : this.getLength( value, element );
			return this.optional( element ) || length <= param;
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/rangelength-method/
		rangelength: function( value, element, param ) {
			var length = $.isArray( value ) ? value.length : this.getLength( value, element );
			return this.optional( element ) || ( length >= param[ 0 ] && length <= param[ 1 ] );
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/min-method/
		min: function( value, element, param ) {
			return this.optional( element ) || value >= param;
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/max-method/
		max: function( value, element, param ) {
			return this.optional( element ) || value <= param;
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/range-method/
		range: function( value, element, param ) {
			return this.optional( element ) || ( value >= param[ 0 ] && value <= param[ 1 ] );
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/step-method/
		step: function( value, element, param ) {
			var type = $( element ).attr( "type" ),
				errorMessage = "Step attribute on input type " + type + " is not supported.",
				supportedTypes = [ "text", "number", "range" ],
				re = new RegExp( "\\b" + type + "\\b" ),
				notSupported = type && !re.test( supportedTypes.join() ),
				decimalPlaces = function( num ) {
					var match = ( "" + num ).match( /(?:\.(\d+))?$/ );
					if ( !match ) {
						return 0;
					}

					// Number of digits right of decimal point.
					return match[ 1 ] ? match[ 1 ].length : 0;
				},
				toInt = function( num ) {
					return Math.round( num * Math.pow( 10, decimals ) );
				},
				valid = true,
				decimals;

			// Works only for text, number and range input types
			// TODO find a way to support input types date, datetime, datetime-local, month, time and week
			if ( notSupported ) {
				throw new Error( errorMessage );
			}

			decimals = decimalPlaces( param );

			// Value can't have too many decimals
			if ( decimalPlaces( value ) > decimals || toInt( value ) % toInt( param ) !== 0 ) {
				valid = false;
			}

			return this.optional( element ) || valid;
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/equalTo-method/
		equalTo: function( value, element, param ) {

			// Bind to the blur event of the target in order to revalidate whenever the target field is updated
			var target = $( param );
			if ( this.settings.onfocusout && target.not( ".validate-equalTo-blur" ).length ) {
				target.addClass( "validate-equalTo-blur" ).on( "blur.validate-equalTo", function() {
					$( element ).valid();
				} );
			}
			return value === target.val();
		},

		// https://jqueryvalidation.org/remote-method/
		remote: function( value, element, param, method ) {
			if ( this.optional( element ) ) {
				return "dependency-mismatch";
			}

			method = typeof method === "string" && method || "remote";

			var previous = this.previousValue( element, method ),
				validator, data, optionDataString;

			if ( !this.settings.messages[ element.name ] ) {
				this.settings.messages[ element.name ] = {};
			}
			previous.originalMessage = previous.originalMessage || this.settings.messages[ element.name ][ method ];
			this.settings.messages[ element.name ][ method ] = previous.message;

			param = typeof param === "string" && { url: param } || param;
			optionDataString = $.param( $.extend( { data: value }, param.data ) );
			if ( previous.old === optionDataString ) {
				return previous.valid;
			}

			previous.old = optionDataString;
			validator = this;
			this.startRequest( element );
			data = {};
			data[ element.name ] = value;
			$.ajax( $.extend( true, {
				mode: "abort",
				port: "validate" + element.name,
				dataType: "json",
				data: data,
				context: validator.currentForm,
				success: function( response ) {
					var valid = response === true || response === "true",
						errors, message, submitted;

					validator.settings.messages[ element.name ][ method ] = previous.originalMessage;
					if ( valid ) {
						submitted = validator.formSubmitted;
						validator.resetInternals();
						validator.toHide = validator.errorsFor( element );
						validator.formSubmitted = submitted;
						validator.successList.push( element );
						validator.invalid[ element.name ] = false;
						validator.showErrors();
					} else {
						errors = {};
						message = response || validator.defaultMessage( element, { method: method, parameters: value } );
						errors[ element.name ] = previous.message = message;
						validator.invalid[ element.name ] = true;
						validator.showErrors( errors );
					}
					previous.valid = valid;
					validator.stopRequest( element, valid );
				}
			}, param ) );
			return "pending";
		}
	}

} );

// Ajax mode: abort
// usage: $.ajax({ mode: "abort"[, port: "uniqueport"]});
// if mode:"abort" is used, the previous request on that port (port can be undefined) is aborted via XMLHttpRequest.abort()

var pendingRequests = {},
	ajax;

// Use a prefilter if available (1.5+)
if ( $.ajaxPrefilter ) {
	$.ajaxPrefilter( function( settings, _, xhr ) {
		var port = settings.port;
		if ( settings.mode === "abort" ) {
			if ( pendingRequests[ port ] ) {
				pendingRequests[ port ].abort();
			}
			pendingRequests[ port ] = xhr;
		}
	} );
} else {

	// Proxy ajax
	ajax = $.ajax;
	$.ajax = function( settings ) {
		var mode = ( "mode" in settings ? settings : $.ajaxSettings ).mode,
			port = ( "port" in settings ? settings : $.ajaxSettings ).port;
		if ( mode === "abort" ) {
			if ( pendingRequests[ port ] ) {
				pendingRequests[ port ].abort();
			}
			pendingRequests[ port ] = ajax.apply( this, arguments );
			return pendingRequests[ port ];
		}
		return ajax.apply( this, arguments );
	};
}
return $;
}));